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Chhattisgarh is a state located in central India and has a rich cultural heritage. The art of Chhattisgarh reflects the state’s history, culture, and traditions. The art of Chhattisgarh is diverse and unique, ranging from paintings, sculptures, wood carvings, metal crafts, and textiles.

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Historical View of the Art of Chhattisgarh

The art of Chhattisgarh has a rich and diverse history that spans back thousands of years. The region has been inhabited by various tribes and communities, each of which has contributed to the state’s unique cultural heritage.

1. In the Caves of Bhimbetka


One of the earliest forms of art in Chhattisgarh can be seen in the rock art found in the caves of Bhimbetka. These paintings, dating back to the prehistoric period, depict scenes of hunting, dancing, and daily life.

2. The New Era of Art 

The rise of the Kalchuri dynasty in the 10th century brought about a new era of art in Chhattisgarh. The dynasty’s rulers were great patrons of the arts, and they commissioned numerous temples, sculptures, and other works of art. The Rajim Kumbh Mela, a religious festival that takes place in the town of Rajim, is a notable cultural event that has been celebrated for over 500 years.

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3. Influence of Maratha Culture

In the 18th century, the Maratha Empire established its rule over Chhattisgarh, and many of the region’s cultural practices and artistic traditions were influenced by Maratha culture. The folk art of Chhattisgarh, which includes forms such as Pandavani, Raut Nacha, and Karma, is a testament to the state’s rich cultural heritage.

4. Art of Chhattisgarh at Present

Art of the Chattisgarh continues to thrive, with contemporary artists drawing inspiration from the region’s diverse history and culture. The art of Chhattisgarh is a vibrant and dynamic reflection of the state’s unique identity.

Different art of Chhattisgarh

The tribal communities in Chhattisgarh have their unique art forms, which are characterized by their intricate designs and bright colors. A few of them are: 

1. Bastar – Art of Chhattisgarh


Bastar arts are a form of tribal art and craft that originated in the Bastar region of Chhattisgarh. The tribal communities of Bastar have been practicing this art form for generations, and it has become an important part of their cultural heritage. The Bastar arts include a wide range of crafts such as metalwork, wood carving, terracotta pottery, weaving, and painting. 

The Bastar art of Chhattisgarh is not only a source of livelihood for the tribal communities but also a means of preserving their culture and heritage. The government of Chhattisgarh has taken several initiatives to promote and support the art of Chhattisgarh and several craft fairs and exhibitions are organized every year to showcase the work of these talented artisans.

2. Kosa Silk Art 


Kosa silk is a type of silk produced in Chhattisgarh, a state in central India.

Kosa silk is known for its fine texture, durability, and natural sheen, and it has been produced in the region for centuries.

The production of Kosa silk involves a labor-intensive process that begins with the cultivation of silkworms. The cocoons are then collected and boiled to extract the silk fibers. These fibers are then spun into thread and dyed using natural dyes made from plants and minerals. The dyed threads are then woven into beautiful silk fabrics using traditional handloom techniques.

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Kosa silk is used to make a variety of garments and textiles, including sarees, shawls, scarves, and other clothing items. The fabric is prized for its luxurious texture and vibrant colors, and it has become an important part of the cultural heritage and art of Chhattisgarh.

Kosa silk is also used in the production of decorative items, such as wall hangings and other handicrafts. These items are often embellished with intricate embroidery and other decorative techniques, making them highly prized works of art. Kosa silk is an important cultural and economic resource for the people of Chhattisgarh, and it is a beautiful example of the traditional arts of Chattisgarh.

3. Pattachitra Art


Pattachitra is a traditional style of painting that originated in the state of Odisha but it has also been practiced in the neighboring state of Chhattisgarh for many centuries. Pattachitra paintings are known for their intricate details and vibrant colors, and they often depict scenes from Hindu mythology.

The word “Pattachitra” is derived from the Sanskrit words “patta” (meaning “cloth”) and “Chitra” (meaning “painting”). This style of painting is traditionally done on cloth, which is first coated with a mixture of chalk and gum, and then polished to create a smooth surface. The painting is then done using natural dyes and pigments, such as indigo, turmeric, and lampblack.

The history of Pattachitra art can be traced back to the 5th century BC when it was first mentioned in the ancient Indian text, the Mahabharata. It is believed that the art form originated in the village of Raghurajpur in Odisha, which is still considered to be the epicenter of Pattachitra painting.

The art of Chhattisgarh has evolved and spread to other parts of India. Today, Pattachitra art is recognized as a unique and valuable part of India’s cultural heritage, and it is practiced by skilled artisans in many parts of the country.

4. Pithora Paintings


Pithora paintings are a traditional form of folk art that originated in Chhattisgarh. These paintings are done on the walls of houses and are believed to bring good luck and ward off evil spirits. The intricate designs and vibrant colors used in these paintings have gained recognition worldwide.

5. Dhokra Art

Dhokra art is a traditional form of metal casting that originated in Chhattisgarh. The art form involves the use of the lost-wax casting technique, and the products are made using brass or bronze. Dhokra art has gained recognition worldwide for its intricate detailing and unique designs.

What can be done to support the art of Chhattisgarh?

The art of Chhattisgarh is a larger part of the artistic landscape of India and there is a need to preserve the talent that manifests in the people of the state. 

1. Support Local Artists

Chhattisgarh is home to a large number of talented artists who often struggle to make a living. You can support them by purchasing their artworks, attending their exhibitions and performances, and recommending their work to others.

2. Encourage Traditional Art Forms

Chhattisgarh has a rich tradition of tribal art, folk music, and dance forms that are unique to the state. These art forms often struggle to compete with modern forms of entertainment. By supporting and promoting traditional art forms, you can help preserve this important aspect of the state’s cultural heritage.

3. Collaborate with Local Organizations

There are several local organizations and NGOs in Chhattisgarh that are dedicated to promoting and preserving the state’s art and culture. You can collaborate with them by volunteering your time, donating money, or providing other forms of support.

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4. Organize Art Events and Exhibitions

Organizing art events and exhibitions is a great way to promote the art of Chhattisgarh. This can include art exhibitions, music festivals, dance performances, and other cultural events.

By supporting and promoting the art of Chhattisgarh, we can help preserve the state’s rich cultural heritage and provide local artists with the recognition they design.

Global Significance of Art of Chattisgarh

The value of Chhattisgarh’s art is not just limited to the state, but it is recognized and appreciated globally. The art of Chhattisgarh has gained worldwide recognition for its uniqueness, artistic value, and cultural significance. The state’s rich and diverse artistic heritage has contributed significantly to the cultural landscape of India and the world.

Government Initiatives to Support the Art of Chhattisgarh

The state government of Chhattisgarh has taken several initiatives to support and promote the art and culture of the state. Some of them are:

  1. Chhattisgarh State Museum

The state government has established the Chhattisgarh State Museum to preserve and showcase the art and cultural heritage of the state. The museum has a rich collection of artifacts, including tribal art, sculptures, coins, and manuscripts.

  1. Chhattisgarh Folk and Tribal Art Promotion Board

The government has set up this board to promote and preserve the folk and tribal art forms of the state. The board conducts workshops, exhibitions, and training programs to support artists and artisans.

  1. Chhattisgarh Kala Mahotsav

This is an annual cultural festival organized by the government to promote and showcase the art and culture of the state. The festival includes performances by local artists, exhibitions, and workshops.

  1. Financial Assistance to Artists

The government provides financial assistance to artists to support their work. This includes grants, scholarships, and subsidies for art-related activities.

  1. Infrastructure Development

The government has developed infrastructure to support the art and cultural activities in the state. This includes the construction of cultural centers, auditoriums, and art galleries.

The government of Chhattisgarh has taken several steps to support and promote the art of Chhattisgarh. These initiatives have helped to preserve and promote the rich cultural traditions of Chhattisgarh and support the livelihoods of local artists and artisans.

Summing Up

The art of Chhattisgarh executes From traditional folk art to contemporary styles, Chattisgarh has a lot to offer in terms of artistic expression.

Chhattisgarh is also home to a number of ancient temples and historical monuments, many of which are adorned with beautiful carvings and sculptures. The famous temple of Bhoramdeo is a prime example of the state’s rich architectural heritage.

In recent years, Chhattisgarh has emerged as a hub for contemporary art, with several art galleries and exhibitions showcasing the works of local and national artists. The art of Chhattisgarh is diverse and rich, reflecting the state’s cultural heritage and the creativity of its people. From traditional forms to contemporary styles, Chhattisgarh offers a fascinating glimpse into the world of Indian art.

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