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Cashmere and Pashmina are two names synonymous with elegance and warmth; opulence and comfort. They often leave consumers wondering about their distinctions. 

While both materials are celebrated for their luxurious feel and captivating history, subtle yet significant distinctions set them apart.

This blog is diving into an exploration that aims to unveil these unique characteristics, origins, and production methods of cashmere and pashmina, empowering you to make informed choices. Cashmere vs. Pashmina – are they truly different?

Whether you’re a seasoned fashionista or simply curious about these exquisite materials, join us as we untangle the intricate threads of cashmere and pashmina, empowering you to make informed choices and appreciate their individual brilliance.

Also Read: The National Handloom Day: A-Z Guide

Cashmere vs. Pashmina: Know the Differences

These luxurious fabrics, often mentioned in stories and everyday life, have a long history filled with interesting tales. 

To understand the difference between cashmere and pashmina, let’s travel back in time and see how they came to be! This will help clear up any confusion and reveal the fascinating story behind these special materials.

For centuries, woolen shawls have been a symbol of luxury and royalty, dating back to the Indus Valley civilization. We even find mentions of shawls made in Kashmir in ancient Afghan texts from the 3rd century BC. 

The Kashmiri shawl industry truly flourished under the rule of Zayn-ul-Abidin in the 15th century, who brought skilled Persian weavers to the region. 

Between the 16th and 19th centuries, skilled artisans of the Kashmir valley, possessed the knowledge to transform the finest goat fleece, known as “pashm”, into intricately patterned textiles of extraordinary softness and refinement. 

Interestingly, the word “pashmina” itself originates from the Persian word “pashm,” meaning “wool.”

What sets this industry apart is its use of goat hair, specifically from goats found in the harsh Himalayan region, instead of sheep wool. 

When Europeans first encountered this material in Kashmir, they called it “cashmere,” after the region itself.

Therefore, we can say that “cashmere” is the term adopted by the Western world, while “pashmina” is the local term for the same material. While we often use them interchangeably, a subtle difference exists between the two. 

Here’s a simpler way to explain the distinction:


  • Made from the finest, downy undercoat of the Himalayan/Tibetan goat.
  • Considered the highest quality cashmere.
  • The term “pashmina” specifically refers to this premium type of cashmere.


  • A general term for the soft wool obtained from various goat breeds, including the Tibetan goat, Mongolian goat, and others.
  • While all pashmina is cashmere, not all cashmere is pashmina.
Cashmere vs. Pashmina
Goat Rearing for Cashmere Wool

So, pashmina is a specific type of high-quality cashmere, while cashmere is a broader term encompassing various grades of goat wool.

The diameter of the fibers is another key distinction between pashmina and cashmere. Here’s a breakdown:

  • Pashmina: boasts finer fibers, ranging from 10 to 15 microns in diameter. This exceptional thinness contributes to its unmatched softness and lightweight feel. Due to this delicate nature, pashmina is typically hand-spun and hand-woven into luxurious shawls, scarves, and wraps, requiring meticulous care throughout the process.
  • Cashmere: generally has fibers with a slightly larger diameter, ranging from 15 to 19 microns. While still incredibly soft and luxurious, it might not reach the same level of feathery lightness as pashmina. This allows for easier spinning and wider production methods, making cashmere garments more readily available.

Therefore, the fiber diameter not only influences the softness and weight of the final product but also impacts the production process for each material.

Also Read:

What is a Pashmina? A Complete Overview

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Cashmere vs. Pashmina – Which is More Expensive?

Cashmere and pashmina, often gracing luxury labels, leave many wondering about the price disparity between these coveted fabrics. While both are undeniably luxurious, several key factors contribute to Pashmina’s steeper price tag.

Origin and Rarity: Unlike cashmere, which comes from various goat breeds across the Himalayas, pashmina originates exclusively from the Changthangi goat found in the Ladakh valley. This limited source and specific breed contribute to pashmina’s rarity, driving up its cost.

Cashmere vs. Pashmina
Changthangi goat found in the Ladakh valley – Source of Pashmina Wool

Production Methods: Adding to its exclusivity, pashmina adheres to traditional hand-spinning and hand-weaving techniques, meticulously practiced by Kashmiri artisans. This time-intensive process passed down through generations, stands in stark contrast to the more common machine processing of cashmere.

Fiber Finesse: Pashmina boasts incredibly fine fibers, measuring between 10-15 microns in diameter. Cashmere fibers, though still luxurious, are slightly thicker, ranging from 15-18 microns. This difference in fineness translates to a noticeable distinction in softness, with pashmina offering an unparalleled level of featherweight comfort.

Versatility vs. Specialization: While cashmere finds application in various garments, pashmina’s delicate nature traditionally relegates it to shawls, scarves, and blankets. This specialized use further contributes to its perceived value and exclusivity.

In conclusion, the combination of limited sources, traditional production methods, exceptionally fine fibers, and specialized use sets pashmina apart from cashmere, justifying its premium price tag.

Kashmiri Pashmina – The Epitome of Luxury

Kashmiri Pashmina shawls are synonymous with timeless elegance and unparalleled luxury – but they come at a premium price. What factors contribute to their elevated cost?

Sourcing of Pashmina Wool

  • Rarity: True Pashmina wool is obtained exclusively from the undercoat of the Changthangi goat, found in the high altitudes of the Kashmir region. These goats thrive in a harsh climate and naturally shed their winter coats during the molting season.
  • Limited Production: Due to the unique breed and challenging environment, the production of Pashmina wool is naturally limited. This scarcity, combined with high demand, drives up its value.
  • Meticulous Handcrafting: Each Kashmiri Pashmina shawl is a testament to generations-old artistry. Skilled artisans, inheriting the craft from their ancestors, meticulously handcraft each shawl – from the initial cleaning and spinning of the wool to the intricate weaving and embroidery.

Techniques like “Kani” weaving and “Sozni” embroidery demand immense skill, precision, and time, making each shawl a unique work of art. This labor-intensive process naturally contributes to the higher price point.

  • Exceptional Quality: Beyond the craftsmanship, the materials themselves elevate the value. Pashmina wool boasts a fine texture, lightweight nature, and natural sheen, making it highly desirable.

Its unique ability to retain warmth while remaining breathable further enhances its appeal. Additionally, intricate designs and intricate embroidery by skilled artisans elevate the aesthetic value and exclusivity of each piece.

  • Time-Intensive Production: Creating a Kashmiri Pashmina shawl is a slow and deliberate process. Depending on the complexity and design, a single shawl can take months to complete. 

Each step, from collecting the wool to meticulously spinning, weaving, embroidering, and finishing, requires dedication and expertise. The time invested in production reflects the effort, skill, and artistry woven into each exquisite piece, justifying its premium price.

  • Heritage and Cultural Significance: Kashmiri Pashmina shawls transcend mere fashion statements; they embody a rich cultural heritage. The art of weaving and embroidering these shawls has been passed down through generations, with each piece carrying the legacy of centuries-old craftsmanship.

Owning a Kashmiri Pashmina shawl extends beyond its physical attributes; it represents the preservation of a cultural heritage. This historical and cultural significance adds to the intangible value associated with these prized possessions.

Current Conditions of the “Cashmere vs. Pashmina” Market

Currently, most of the “cashmere” used by Western mills originates from China and Mongolia, where it’s primarily produced by the Mongolian goat. In a 21st-century context, the use of a location-specific term like “cashmere” for a widely traded commodity could face challenges under the World Trade Organization’s TRIPS agreement. However, historically, “cashmere” has evolved into a generic name detached from its geographical origin.

There’s a positive development, though the term “Kashmir pashmina” has gained protection as a Geographical Indication (GI) under TRIPS. It remains to be seen whether this will end the misuse of “pashmina” to label brightly colored stoles made of generic wool or wool blends.

While pashmina is often considered the finer cousin of cashmere due to its specific origin and exceptionally thin fibers, both materials hold a place among the most luxurious fabrics globally. To preserve these exceptional qualities for years to come, regardless of whether you own a pashmina or cashmere shawl, following proper care guidelines is essential.

Also Read:

What is the Difference Between Cashmere and Pashmina?

How to Wear a Shawl? – The Ultimate Tutorial

The Story of Shahtoosh: World’s Most Expensive Fabric

We at Kashmirica, bring you the finest Pashmina Products, right to your doorstep. So buy some today for yourself or gift your loved ones, a symbol of luxury!

Buy Pashmina Shawl for Men Online

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